Once the use of electric vehicles takes off, intelligent solutions will be required to be able to meet demand. Various projects are focusing on the optimal and controlled use of the existing power grid and on the use of types of energy outside that grid.
This report identifies obstacles to the development of smart charging of electric vehicles and it provides an overview of ways to eliminate bottlenecks. It’s an instrument market and policy makers can use to put specific ideas into practice, to accelerate the development of smart charging.
The aim of this project is finding a more sustainable and cheaper way to charge an EV. Software was developed that is able to pool electricity demand of EVs and can activate flexible load in case of grid emergency or at times of high electricity demand.
Regional smart grid at the High Tech Campus Eindhoven (business area) with EVs and charging points. HTC contains an open smart charging protocol, with a 24 hours forecast of available cable capacity.
A framework designed for trading flexibility of electrical equipment by an electricity generator. Electricity stored by EVs is essential to this framework.
A stress test proves the necessity of smart charging solutions. Demand and supply of electricity for charging EVs is managed by PowerMatcher. EV drivers feed their preferences (like start and end charging time) into an app. Charging capacity is then spread over available charging time.
Electricity generated from solar panels for individual house holds is being stored by an electric vehicle. This way, EVs are being used to charge and decharge, avoiding an overload on the electricity grid.
Electric vehicles can improve the quality of life in metropolitan areas, and flexible charging can support the transition to solar and wind energy. Charging needs to be planned in periods with a lot of sun and wind, when electricity prices are low. Furthermore, batteries need to be sufficiently charged within a short amount of time. However, exactly how much energy can be generated using sun and wind depends on the weather, and the level of charging flexibility depends on the drivers. Recently-developed planning algorithms can accommodate these kinds of uncertainties.
Electric car sharing provides plenty of benefits for the urban area.The increasing number of free floating electric car sharing (FFECS), shared vehicles that can be picked up and left everywhere in the city borders, results in a new group with their own charging behaviour. This research focussed on a FFECS system in Amsterdam. Based on over 1,5 million observations, parking patterns and charging patterns were mapped.
An overview of 18 Vehicle-to-Grid projects, by the department of Urban Technology at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. All projects were executed in collaboration with various research partners.
Market parties, government and research institutes collaborated in developing charging infrastructure guidelines. Data were used from the cities of The Hague, Amsterdam and urban areas in the Gelderland province.